Drone Cameras: All You Need to KnowAnhK
As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. This means that if a reader clicks on a link or an image of the product, we may receive a commission. There is no additional cost to you — it helps pay for hosting and server costs. And it does not affect the quality of the content, as we always recommend our readers the best sources.
The scaling down of high-resolution cameras, as well as the introduction of less sizable, more remarkable lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, have enabled the creative mind of photographers and videographers to take off. These days, drones outfitted with the camera are capable of taking pictures with astonishing lucidity in the flying process.
The majority of the present prosumer UAVs boast of cameras readily included. In case you are a novice only beginning with these flying robots, and you desire to utilize a camera with one, it is critical to comprehend a couple of the fundamental specifics when considering the most fantastic camera to leverage with the UAV. On the one hand, adding a camera such as a GoPro to your UAV without the camera is fair; one the other hand, many models have integrated camera systems.
Without any further ado, let’s dive into the key points when it comes to drone cameras. Please note that in this post, we also refer to the term drones as UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles), unmanned aircraft, flying machines, flying robots, or automation.
The key factors to consider when choosing your drone camera
Nowadays, the cutting-edge innovation that enables you to take astounding high-resolution recordings and still pictures on your cell phone makes attaching compact cameras on your flying robots not a big deal.
UAV cameras record video at different resolutions. Some of the most typical ones are:
- 4K Ultra HD
- 1080p HD
- 720p: In the present UAV market, 720p is about the least high resolution camera that you may discover. This choice is a low-cost one which actually addresses numerous demands.
Image capture rate
A couple of UAV cameras can take shots at thirty fps (frames per second); meanwhile, others can take photos at sixty fps. Those keen on from-time-to-time slow-motion playback may desire to account for more fps to keep up picture quality.
What is more? As you know, the camera is only one aspect of a general UAV framework, and to settle on the best buying choice, it is essential to think about how all the factors coordinate according to your particular demands and wants. For instance, a few cameras will just take a limit of 64 gigabytes on the memory card.
So, other considerations, aside from the imaging factor, are crucial.
2. Live streaming
For your information, first UAV cameras recorded video only on an SD card, and you could download the pictures toward the finish of the flight. Numerous more current unmanned aircraft vehicles, for example, the Inspire, Phantom, and Mavic lines from DJI – highlight how smoothly HD video and live streaming are combined. In other words, the video will seamlessly stream to your cell phone while it is being recorded.
Such ongoing or practically constant imaging delivers expanded adaptability. A few systems can live stream from the extent of four miles away. How nice they are!
For a best in shooting adaptability, search for a flying robot that comes with a camera positioned on a gimbal at 360 degrees. That should enable you to turn the camera toward any path you desire since the robot is flying.
A couple of flying machines provide just half the capacity of other models as far as the time of flight is concerned.
For instance, a friendly priced UAV may work off of a Li-ion battery that delivers maybe seven to ten minutes of flight time. Meanwhile, in case you wish to make your robot stay high up for about 25 minutes or longer, a system with enhanced elaboration and lithium polymer (LiPo) battery power should be significant. For broadened activity, getting your drone various batteries is fantastic; that is why it is insightful of you to think about the expense of additional batteries.
On top of that, it is a matter of coordinating your demands to the proper flying robot. Leading drone producers such as Parrot and DJI provide lines of product units that should enable you to find the model that coordinates camera abilities to your necessities.
Check this post to see the drones with longest batteries.
4. Greater capability, not less
It is safe to say that airborne photography by means of flying machines opens up a fascinating world for those without special knowledge or experience. Accordingly, it is almost certain that the buyer will be able to discover a lot more uses for the UAV and its imaging framework than was at first envisioned.
It tends to be extremely advantageous to have a flying robot fit for dealing with a scope of undertakings, regardless of whether they ask for thermal imaging and mapping, or imagery with a large amount of detail for commercial real estate. In this manner, more often than not, it is astute to get yourself a camera with the higher resolution, more extended range, and more battery power as compared to what you may at first think you stand in need of.
Another alternative is to just delve into imaging through drawing owing to an entry-level system with the intention to leverage it as one backup or to take the place of it when you have a more amazing, superior idea of how far you desire to get video capture by means of drawing.
UAV camera settings
Before the drone flights, ensure you are OK with the techniques related to photography – to begin with – to enjoy the most benefits on your UAV flight time. That will indeed assist you with making the most of your flight and not stressing over whatever else in case you are decidedly ready. Moreover, figuring out these tips and tricks should make your life a lot simpler post-production, aside from enabling a superior picture quality with improved resolution.
It is great if you adhere to the steps below when on the ground to abstain from changing anything while you are flying the drone.
1. Image format
We recommend you shoot in your UAV’s RAW and JPG setting.
Are you wondering why? Essentially, the JPG picture format generates pictures with an incredible look and low file sizes. When it comes to RAW picture files, they include the entirety of the uncompressed data from your drone’s camera sensor, which should make them ideal for photograph editing and improving without any effect on quality.
As you can see, taking UAV photographs in the two configurations implies you can enjoy the advantages of two different things at the same time. You will then appreciate the greater quality, bigger RAW files and the extraordinary-looking, less sizable JPG files. What is more to love?
2. Color and exposure
Now that you have ensured you are taking not only RAW but also JPG photographs, the following interesting points are two explicit camera settings: exposure and color.
When checking out the camera settings screen, you can often find the color settings under the camera icon. Meanwhile, you tend to find the exposure settings underneath the aperture icon.
Changing the color settings is significant to make the JPG pictures appear fantastic. You may love that the diverse color styles and profiles allow enhanced contrast and saturation for your JPG pictures, which hence makes them all the more attractive. The RAW photographs will stay not affected after such color settings are done since the upgrades added after the picture is taken; they will not be caught straightforwardly by the drone’s camera sensor.
Below are the color settings that you may like:
- Color: TrueColor or Normal/ None
- Style: Standard
- White Balance: Auto
Let’s have a quick look at them:
By white balance, we mean it can change the picture’s color temperature. You may need it set on auto in light of the fact that the UAV camera tends to work admirably, and it should not be what you consider much.
How about the style setting? It works to add or eliminate sharpness, saturation, and contrast to the pictures. We recommend you leave that on +0, +0, +0 (the Standard one) on the grounds that the images need not bother with any more saturation, contrast, or sharpness. It is likewise simple to improve your pictures after they are shot with free photograph editing software.
When it comes to the color, it is worth mentioning that it is the shading profile to shoot with. You may want to utilize the TrueColor or the Normal (additionally referred to as None on Android).
Thanks to an excellent measure of saturation and high contrast, the Normal shading profile appears excellent and pleasant. It generates pictures which are lively, attractive, and sharp.
Notwithstanding, the degree of saturation might be a lot for a few, and changing to the TrueColor profile is likely to yield all the more consistent-with-life shading reproduction. Likewise, TrueColor can produce enhanced detail in high contrast scenes. Remember you will likewise get the RAW picture to work with, in the event that you are not fond of the shade of the JPG picture.
As far as exposure is concerned, we suggest you leave that setting on auto. Similar to white balance, the drone camera works admirably appropriately exposing the pictures, and it should not be what you consider much.
Notably, in the Go application from DJI, you can likewise leverage the “tap exposure” highlight; there, you will tap regarding your subject to get the drone camera to change the subject exposure automatically. Utilizing extra settings such as zebra stripes (in the Go settings, it is referred to as the over exposure warming) and the histogram will likewise be able to assist you with guaranteeing your picture is appropriately exposed.
Recommended drone camera setting for the casual UAV pilot
Do you wish to simply fly your robot around and get the recording from the Micro-SD card to appear incredible without any editing? Great. You may like the following settings:
- Color – TrueColor or None
- Style – Normal
- White Balance – Auto
- The Standard of the Video System – NTSC
- Format – MP4
- Video Size – 30 fps, 4K
Recommended drone camera settings for pro filmmakers
Do you need an extra flat picture that has preserved detail in highlights and shadows great for editing as well as post production? Awesome. Why do not you refer to the settings below?
- Color – D-Log
- Style – 0, -1, -1, Custom
- White Balance – Manual
- The Standard of the Video System – NTSC
- Format – MP4
- Video Size – 30 fps, 4K
This is another principle component to think about. On the one hand, the shots’ framing is generally creative and depending on your inclinations; on the other hand, there are a few tools that you may want to rely on to assist you with creating your pictures.
We suggest you enable the center point as well as the grid lines. Such guides should assist you with adjusting your subject either impeccably in the frame’s center, or along one out of the grid lines for observing the standard of thirds.
We need to repeat saying that with regards to framing and composing images, a ton of it is close to your own inclination; thus, do not hesitate to look into different compositions to realize which you like better.
In case you do not know, HDR is short for High Dynamic Range. The DR is the contrast between the darkest shadow and the lightest one in a photograph.
When it comes to certain lighting situations, generally during dawn or dusk or shooting straightforwardly into the sun, regardless of what the settings for your drone camera are, it is difficult to abstain from getting totally dark shadows or blown out highlights. A proper answer for that is shooting a few photographs at various exposures and then creating their compositions together to produce one, uniformly exposed photograph.
5. White balance
By white balance, we refer to your photograph’s temperature, or how cool or warm the colors show up. This factor is estimated in units named Kelvin, after the engineer and maths physicist Lord Kelvin, who explored 1st and 2nd thermodynamics laws.
As picture takers, you do not really need to grasp the entirety of the science behind that, yet you surely need to have an idea of what kinds of lights are cooler, as well as what sorts of lights are warmer. For your information, the number is close to approximately one thousand and ten thousand, with higher numbers speaking to warmer temperatures, and lower numbers speaking to cooler temperatures.
Also, keep in mind that the objective when you set manual white balance is having the temperature as near impartial as could be expected under the circumstances. That is why in case your photograph is excessively warm, be sure you make it cooler by bringing down the temperature. And in case your photograph is excessively cool, make it warmer by increasing the temperature.
With UAV photography, you may quite often shoot outside; hence, give close consideration to the qualities for dawn/nightfall, morning/evening sun, sunlight, overcast sky, and clear blue sky. As you know, the temperature of the sunlight changes considerably relying upon the hour of the day.
6. Extended exposure
Extended exposure photography is an overlooked strategy that UAV picture takers can leverage and can create an extra impressive, creative twist. To put it plainly, long exposure photography is known as the act of shooting photographs by utilizing more extended exposure times than would normally be appropriate to take an appropriately exposed photograph.
Exposure time is the timeframe when the computerized sensor in the drone camera is presented to light, additionally when the shutter of the camera is open when snapping a picture. Extended exposure photography is ideal for a large number of the subjects often shot by UAV picture takers, for example, waterways, architecture, and scenes.
ND (Neutral Density) filters
So as to capture such shots, you will need what is mentioned as ND filters. These ones resemble sunglasses for the flying robot; the filters will sift through the light and enable you to take more extended exposures even if the outside condition is bright.
We suggest you utilize Polar Pro filters since they are great and generate extremely clear pictures. These ones provide an assortment of choices, say – some for the DJI Phantom 4, the DJI Phantom 3, the DJI Spark, and the DJI Mavic Pro. They are extra simple to use because they simply slide over your flying robot’s camera and remain set up with friction. Do not forget to put on and move them out at times your robot is off for staying away from incidentally harming your gimbal.
While we suggest the ones from Polar Pro, truly, it does not make a difference what brand you pick. What is most significant is, you have a neutral density 16 filter or more since that decreases the measure of light by four stops and is great for taking the extended exposure shots. Feel free to get a neutral density 64 or 32 filter in the event that you like, which might enable you to get long exposures in the natural light of the day rather than near nightfall.
Go for the proper settings
To attain the extended exposure effect, you may desire to sit tight for around not long before dusk and prior to taking off with the installed filter on your robot. Be sure you master how to connect your drone camera to your iPhone.
Also, in the Go application from DJI – for example, you ought to change the camera settings to ensure you will be shooting in manual mode to change the shutter speed and ISO by yourself. Make the ISO stay set to 100, and change the speed of the shutter until an image is visible on the screen.
Shooting with the common shutter speed of 1/ sixtieth of a second results in a totally dim picture with the neutral density 16 filter on, and we had the option to really reduce the speed of the shutter right down to 1 second before we got a picture. Again, when it comes to UAV photography, we suggest you shoot in the RAW and JPG mode, and we likewise suggest you experiment regarding shutter speed to figure out what time is most suitable for you.
The top 8 best camera drones this year
The most fantastic camera UAVs are unquestionably more than the simple toys they were before. They are currently utilized extensively by not only pro picture takers but also beginners since they are arriving at areas and shooting from angles that standard cameras fail to do. They enable airborne videography and photography of scenes, events, structures that, in the past, required the utilization of a crane, small aircraft, helicopter, and all that.
1. The overall best UAV for photography: DJI Mavic 2 Zoom – Drone Quadcopter UAV – by DJI
2. A splendid camera in a quality bundle: DJI Mavic 2 Pro Drone Quadcopter – by DJI
3. The top pick for the newbie: DJI Mavic Mini Portable Drone Quadcopter Starters Bundle – by DJI
4. The foldable Anafi model is the most impressive UAV for travel: Parrot Anafi – FPV Drone Set – by Parrot
5. In case it is a foldable UAV you need this year, this is your best bet: DJI Mavic Air 2 – by DJI
6. Another best camera: DJI Inspire 2 Quadcopter – by DJI
7. An extraordinary UAV that demonstrates size is not all that matters: Ryze Tech Tello – Mini Drone Quadcopter UAV – by DJI
8. With its 8K video, this model may be more than your demand: Autel Robotics EVO II – by Autel Robotics
The most frequently asked questions about drone cameras
1. Q: Do all drones have cameras / do all drones take pictures?
A: Essentially, all the most recent flying robots have built-in cameras and gimbals. The pioneer in airborne gimbal innovation is the market leader DJI with their famous Zenmuse range.
2. Q: What drone uses a GoPro camera?
A: Some of the product recommendations are:
- 3DR Solo Quadcopter – by 3DR
- Altair Aerial Blackhawk Long Range & Flight Time Drone – by Altair Aerial
In a nutshell
So this should wrap up the ultimate guide on the drone camera. We designed the article for not only veteran photographers but also people who are novices to UAV photography and videography. Be sure you read through it to have a better idea of the crucial part of the UAV and help with your drone choices if you are searching for one.
At the end of the day, do not hesitate to share this post in case you find it is useful, and consider checking out other posts on our website for even more helpful information.